Fentanyl is one of the strongest pain medication.
it is also spelled fentanil, is an opioid used as a pain medication and together with other medications for anesthesia. It is also used as a recreational drug, often mixed with heroin or cocaine. It has a rapid onset and its effects generally last under two hours. Medically, it is used by injection, nasal spray, skin patch, or absorbed through the cheek (transmucosal) as a lozenge or tablet
|Type of medicine||A strong opioid painkiller (analgesic)|
|Used for||Pain relief|
|Also called||Brands of fentanyl patches: Durogesic DTrans®; Fencino®; Fentalis®; Matrifen®; Mezolar®; Osmanil®; Tilofyl®; Victanyl®; Yemex®|
Brand of lozenges: Actiq®
Brands of sublingual tablets: Abstral®
Brand of buccal tablets: Effentora®
Brands of nasal sprays: Instanyl®; PecFent®
|Available as||Patch, lozenge, tablets to dissolve in the mouth (buccal), tablets to dissolve under the tongue (sublingual), nasal spray, injection|
This is an opioid medicine (sometimes called an opiate). It is a strong painkiller. It works by binding to certain tiny areas, called opioid receptors, in your brain and spinal cord (central nervous system). This leads to a decrease in the way you feel pain and your reaction to pain.
If you have pain which is ongoing (chronic), it is likely you will be prescribed a patch containing fentanyl to apply to your skin. This is often called transdermal fentanyl. Patches contain fentanyl in a reservoir and release it gradually over a period of time to give you continual pain relief. Despite this, there may be times when your pain is not fully controlled and you experience breakthrough pain. Fentanyl is also useful for this type of pain, but different formulations are used, such as lozenges, tablets, films or nasal sprays. These fentanyl preparations are taken as necessary to ease breakthrough or severe pain.
This is also given by injection to ease pain during surgical operations.